Kondisi dan Keanekagaragaman Karang Batu di Perairan Sabang

Rizkie Satriya Utama, Agus Budiyanto


Condition and Diversity of Stony Corals in Sabang Waters. Globally, coral reefs are facing a variety of threats, both natural and human activities. Coral reefs in the waters of Sabang in 2004 were hit by a tsunami and in 2010 an increase in sea surface temperatures caused a bleaching. These resulted in mass mortality of stony corals. This study aims to determine the current condition and the diversity of stony corals in Sabang waters. The study was conducted in May 2015 in ten stations spread over four islands, namely Pulau Weh, Pulau Rondo, Pulau Breueh, and Pulau Nasi Besar. The coral cover is calculated using Underwater Photo Transect (UPT) method. The images were analyzed using CPCe 4.1 program with 30 random points in each frame. The number of species and the number of coral colonies are calculated based on the number of species and coral colonies contained in the photo frames along the transect. Based on the results of the analysis, live coral cover ranged 22.45–58.60% with an average live coral cover of 41.99%. Throughout the transect, 148 species of stony corals from 37 genera and 15 families were discovered. In general, stony corals in Sabang waters are in a good condition, not different from the condition of coral reefs in 2005. Open waters have a positive impact on coral growth, especially for the genus Acropora.



Full Text:

PDF ()


Badan Informasi Geospasial. 2012. Indonesia memiliki 13.466 pulau yang terdaftar dan berkoordinat. Badan Informasi Geospasial, Bogor http://www.bakosurtanal.go.id/beritasurta/show/indonesia-memiliki-13-466-pulauyang terdaftar-dan-berkoordinat (Februari 2016).

Baird, A. H., S. J. Campbell, A. W. Anggoro, R. L. Ardiwijaya, N. Fadli, Y. Herdiana, T. Kartawijaya, D. Mahyiddin, A. Mukminin, S. T. Pardede, M. S. Pratchett, E. Rudi, dan A. M. Siregar. 2005. Acehnese reefs in the wake of the Asian tsunami. Current Biology 15:1926–1930.

Brown, B. E. 2007. Coral reefs of the andaman sea - an integrated perspective. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 45:173–194.

Fabricius, K. E. 2011. Factors Determining the Resilience of Coral Reefs to Eutrophication: A Review and Conceptual Model. Pages 37–45 dalam: Z. Dubinsky, dan N. Stambler, editors. Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition. Part 2. Netherlands. Springer.

Fahmi, dan M. Adrim. 2014. Ikan. Dalam: A.J. Wahyudi, editor. Modul pelatihan taksonomi biota laut. Edisi pertama. Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi-LIPI. Jakarta. 107–146.

Giyanto. 2012a. Kajian tentang panjang transek dan jarak antar pemotretan pada penggunaan metode transek foto bawah air. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia 38(1):1–18.

Giyanto. 2012b. Penilaian kondisi terumbu karang dengan metode transek foto bawah air. Jurnal Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia 38(3):377–389.

Giyanto. 2013. Metode transek foto bawah air untuk penilaian kondisi terumbu karang. Oseana XXXVIII(1):47–61.

Giyanto, A. E. W Mannuputty, M. Abrar, dan R. M. Siringoringo. 2014. Panduan monitoring kesehatan terumbu karang. Coremap LIPI, Jakarta. p.14–23.

Grimsditch, G. D., dan R. V. Salm. 2006. Coral reef resilience and resistance to bleaching. Switzerland: The World Conservation Union (IUCN).

Haywood, M. D. E, D. Denis, D. P. Thomson, dan R. D. Pillans. 2016. Mine waste disposal leads to lower coral cover, reduced species richness and a predominance of simple coral growth forms on a fringing coral reef in Papua New Guinea. Marine Enviromental Research 115:36–48.

Johnson, M. E., D. S. Gilliam, M. W. Miller, C. Lustic, L. Larson, K. Nedimyer, E. Bartels, D. Lirman, S. Schopmeyer, dan L. B. Baums. 2012. Carribean Acropora: restoration guide. US: The Nature Conservancy.

Kaandorp, J. A. 1999. Morphological analysis of growth forms of branching marine sessile organisms along environmental gradients. Marine Biology 134:295–306.

Kohler, K. E., dan M. Gill. 2006. Coral point count with excel extensions (CPCe): A visual basic program for the determination of coral and substrate coverage using random point count methodology. Computer Geoscience 32(9):1259–1269.

MacClanahan, T., N. Polunin, dan T. Done. 2002. Ecological states and resilience of coral reefs. Conservation Ecology 6:1–18.

Nakamura, T., H. Yamasaki, dan R. van Woesik. 2003. Water flow facilitates recovery from bleaching in the coral Stylophora pistillata. Marine Ecology Progress Series 256: 287–291.

Odum, E. P. 1996. Dasar- Dasar Ekologi. Alih Bahasa. S. Cahyono. FMIPA IPB. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Pielou, E. C. 1975. Ecological diversity. A Willey–Inter science Publication.

Richmond, R. H., dan C. L. Hunter. 1990. Reproduction and recruitment of corals: comparisons among the Caribbean, the Tropical Pacific, and the Red Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 6:185–203.

Rudi, E., S. J. Campbell, A. S. Hoey, N. Fadli, M. Linkie, dan A. H. Baird. 2012.The coral triangle initiative : what are we missing? a case study from Aceh. Oryx 46(4):482–485.

Shannon, C. E. 1948. A mathematical theory of communication. Bell System Tech. J. 27: 379–423.

Suharsono. 2008. Jenis-jenis karang di Indonesia. LIPI Press. Jakarta.

Sulistijo. 2014. Algae (Makroakgae). Dalam Wahyudi A.J.(Ed), Modul Pelatihan Taksonomi Biota Laut. Edisi pertama. Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI. Jakarta.p. 13–37.

Tim Ekspedisi Sabang. 2015. Laporan Ekspedisi Sabang: Oseanografi dan Biodiversitas di Perairan Frontier Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI. p. 20–59.

Veron, J. E. N. 2011. Coral taxonomy and evolution. Pages 37–45 in Z. Dubinsky, dan N. Stambler, editors. Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition. Part 2. Netherlands. Springer.

Veron, J. E. N. 2000. Corals of the World. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Wallace, C. C., dan J. Wolstenholme. 1998. Revision of coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) in Indonesia. Zoological Journal of The Linnean Society 123:199–384.

Wallace, C. C., B. J. Done, dan P. R. Muir. 2012. Revision and catalogue of worldwide staghorn corals Acropora and Isopora (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) 57th Ed. Memoirs of The Queensland Museum. p. 1–255.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS